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Aerofoil section; chord line; camber line; RAF; AoA

Updated: Feb 13, 2021

Ex 4 : Effects of Controls -

Before you can be expected to understand how the various controls and surfaces affect each other, we need to define the following terms:


Aerofoil section; chord line; camber line; RAF; AoA


Aerofoil section

If you were to slice thorough a wing like this


you would see a wing section like this:

This is a cross sectional view of the wing at this point, called an aerofoil section.

The leading edge is at the front, and the trailing edge is at the back.

 

Chord line

This is a straight line joining the leading edge to the trailing edge of the aerofoil section.

 

Mean Camber Line

'Mean' means 'average'.

The camber of the aerofoil is its curvature.

The Mean Camber Line is a line from the leading edge to the trailing edge of the aerofoil section that follows the camber of the aerofoil and cuts it into two equal pieces, top and bottom half.

 

Relative airflow (RAF)

The relative airflow is direction of undisturbed airflow relative to the aircraft wing. The RAF always flows in the opposite direction to the direction of movement of the aircraft.




Here the aircraft is flying level:







Here it is climbing:













And here it is descending: